Jake Veasey first investigated the effects of captivity on the behaviour of tigers in the early 1990's. He discovered environmental complexity and social circumstances were as significant in effecting the frequency of stereotypic behaviours as was the absolute size of enclosure. His study looking into the behaviour of 13 tigers in five different facilities was one of the early papers to discredit the link between pacing and territorial behaviour and has provided a unique insight into the design of facilities for large carnivores.


These academic insights combined with extensive experience managing large carnivores, has allowed us to design some of the most successful and ambitious large carnivore facilities around; including relatively novel mixed species assemblages and utilising sophisticated security systems.


We also have a wide range of experience from giant panda, black, brown and polar bear, snow leopard, lion, tiger, wolf, lynx and hunting dogs.


Our approach to the design of large carnivore facilities is to integrate detailed insights into the behavioural ecology of each and every species with a review of proposed management practices; the exhibit design and management requirements of a lion for example differ dramatically from that of a tiger.


Despite the different emphasis of each species, where possible we emphasis flexible exhibitory with linked exhibitory and always advocate 24hr care and species appropriate feeding strategies in form and frequency.


We have also been involved in adapting existing facilities to meet new accreditation guidelines with regards to perimeter security.